Exercising franchise is the basic right of every human-being. Various nations in the world have prescribed their minimum voting ages in their respective constitutions. The age at which a person can vote is called the “Voting age” in India. Since independence, the voting age was 21 in India.
This was made the law as per the R.P. Act 1950. The 61st amendment, 1988 of the constitution and Act 21st of the 1989 amending the R.P. Act 1950 made the voting age 18 from 21. The year 1989 saw the this great change taking place to bring change in the provisions of the constitution to vote and select representatives both for lower and upper houses.
Other conditions to be a voter in India
- First of all, to be a voter you need to be the citizen of India from birth. Being without citizenship, you cannot vote in any kind of election in India. A person, who is not naturally a citizen of India, cannot be naturally registered as a voter in the electoral roll as per the Article 326 of the constitution read with Sec 16 of the R.P. Act, 1950.
- Secondly, a person cannot be enrolled twice as a voter roll despite being the natural citizen of India. His or her name can only be enlisted in one list of a single constitution, where he can vote. This is mentioned in the Sec 17 & 18 (b) of the R. P. Act 1950.
- If a person is working abroad in a government post and staying abroad, he is eligible for voting in India under the Sec 20 (8) of the R.P. Act 1950 read with Sec 20 (8) of the same act.
- The voting age is same for males and females.